Abheri(Kannada: ಅಭೇರಿ) is a raga(musical scale) in Carnatic music(South Indian classical music). It is a Janya raga (derived scale), whose Melakarta raga (parent, also known as janaka) is kharaharapriya, 22nd in the 72 Melakarta raga system.
Bhimplasi (or Bheemplas) of Hindustani music sounds pretty close to Abheri.
Structure and Lakshana
Ascending scale with Shadjam at C
Descending scale with Shadjam at C
Abheri is an Audava-Sampoorna raga.Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows
In addition to these swaras, there are gamakas which also form part of Abheri, like any other raga in Carnatic music.
The ascending scale is same as that of Udayaravichandrika raga (also known as Shuddha Dhanyasi), while the descending scale is that of Kharaharapriya raga.
There are some differing views on swaras in the scale of Abheri. It is considered a Bhashanga raga (scale has an anya swara, that is, a note which is not in the parent melakarta raga, in this case Kharaharapriya raga), with introduction of Suddha Dhiavatham (D1) in some phrases of the raga. A different view is that this raga is a janya of Natabhairavi (which has D1, suddha dhaivatham, in place of D2), with D2 being the anya swara (external note).
This raga is closer to Bhagyasree as for Bhagyasree Ghadharam is sung softly. Thus a subtle difference of Gandhara makes a listener to feel this raga as Bhagyasree.
A very popular composition in Abheri raga is Nagumomu Ganaleni, a kriti by Thyagaraja, one of the three eminent composers in Carnatic music. Another well known composition is Bhajare Re Manasa, a kriti written by
Mysore Vasudevachar Dikshitar has composed Veenabheri in this raga.
There are many thukadas (or short songs, that are sung towards end of a Carnatic concert) composed in this raga of which Vellai Thamarai penned by Subramanya Bharathi is noteworthy. This raga has been extensively used in movie songs/ movie music. The most popular movie song in this raga is Aakaasa veedhilo from the old Telugu classic movie Malliswari sung by Ghantasala and Bhanumati.