legendsinmusic - Muthuswamy Dikshithar
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Muttuswaamee Dikshitar - The youngest of the Carnatic Musical Trinity was born in 1776, brought up with 2 brothers and a sister with great care and acquiring proficiency in both music and Sanskrit. His family moved to Manali, wpicturehere he became a disciple of Cidambaranaata Yogi and went to Varanaasi. For 5 years he stayed there and learned Hindustani music, especially the Dhrupad style of music. After his guru died, he returned to the south and came to the holy shrine of Tiruttani to pray and meditate before Lord Subramanya. One day the Lord appeared to him, asked him to open his mouth, placed a piece of sugar candy in his mouth, and disappeared. After this, Dikshitar began composing beautiful kritis. The first piece he sang was "ShreenataDi guruguhO jayati jayati." Then he went to Kaanceepuram and sang songs in praise of Ekaambaratanaata and Kaamaakshi. He visited various temples to compose songs, from the TaamrapaaNi River (Shree kaantimateem) and Rameshwaram (Raamanaatham bhajEham) to Kaasi (Kaasi visaalakshi). Then he returned to Tiruvaaroor, where he gathered disciples and taught them his composition. His brothers became proficient at rendering his compositions as well and went to Madurai to teach these songs. Once, because of poverty, Dikshitar did not have the means to make his offerings to the deity. His disciple, the famous dancer Kamalam, offered to pledge her jewels and raise the money. He refused and composed "Tyaagaraajam bhajarE," trusting in God. Soon 2 cartloads of food and articles reached his house as a gift from the manager of the choultry. After the death of his brother Cinnaswaami, his brother Baalaswaami left and was made a Samastaana Vidwaan at ETTayapuram in 1824. Dikshitar left to meet his suriving brother, and on the way fervently sang "Aanandaamruta" in amritavarshini, seeing the dry condition of the land. Apparently, there was a heavy downpour soon afterward. Dikshitar met his brother and attended his marriage as well. Then he returned to Tiuvaaroor. His group kritis include the navagraha kritis in praise of the 7 principal planets and the Kamalaambaa navaavarana kritis - 9 songs in praise of the deity of Tiruvaaroor. He also composed small kritis with SamaashTi caraNams (which include both Anupallavi and CaraNam). 461 songs in 191 raagams are available today. He used characteristic phrases of raagam and was a master of rhyme. He often chose a slow tempo. In 1835 he went to ETTaiyapuram to attend a marriage in the royal family and stayed there. "Meenaakshi mE mudam" is supposed to be one of his last compositions, created in Madurai on his way to ETTaiyapuram, where he passed away on October 21, 1835.

Compositions:

  1. aadi pureeshwaram - aarabi
  2. aanandaamruta - amritavarshini
  3. aananda naTana prakaasam - kEdaaram
  4. akhilaanDEshwari - dvijaavanti
  5. annapoorNE vishaalaakshi - shyaamaa
  6. bhajarE rE citta - kalyaaNi
  7. candram bhaja - asaavEri
  8. caturdasa bhuvana roopa - raagamaalika
  9. daasaratE (nOTTuswara) - shankaraabharaNam
  10. dakshiNaamoorttE - shankaraabharaNam
  11. dharma samvardhini - madyamaavati
  12. gajaananayutam - vEgavaahini
  13. gaNEsha kumaara paahimaam - jhinjoTi
  14. kaashee vishaalaakshheem bhajEham - gamanashramaa
  15. kancadalaayadaakshee - kamalaamanOhari
  16. maamava paTTaabhiraama - maNirangu
  17. maanasa guruguha - aananda bhairavi
  18. maayE tvam - taarangini
  19. mahaa ganapatim - naaTTai
  20. maragatavalleem - kaambhOji
  21. naagalingam - mOhanam
  22. paarvatikumaaram - naaTTai kurinji
  23. pancaashatpeeTa roopini - karnaaTaka dEvagaandaari
  24. raamacandraaya namastE - tODi
  25. rakta gaNapatim - mOhanam
  26. ranganaayakam bhaavayEham - naayaki
  27. saamagaana priyE (note) - shankaraabharaNam
  28. sadaacalEshwaram - boopaalam
  29. santatam paahimaam (note) - shankaraabharaNam
  30. sarasijanaabha shOdari - naagagaandhaari
  31. shakti sahita gaNapatim (nOTTUswara) - shankaraabharaNam
  32. shree gaNanaatam - eesamanOhari
  33. shree kaantimateem - hEmaavati
  34. shree lakshmi varaaham - aabhOgi
  35. shree raamam ravi kulaapti - naaraayaNa gowLa
  36. shree saraswatee namostutE - aarabi
  37. shree shukra bhagavaantam - pharaju
  38. shree venkaTa - shuruTTi
  39. shree varalakshmi namastubhyam - shree
  40. shree vishwanaatam bhajEham (varnam) - raagamaalika
  41. sooryamoorttE namOstutE - sowraashTram
  42. swaaminaata - naaTTai
  43. tyaagaraaja yOga vaibhavam - aananda bhairavi
  44. vaataapi - hamsadwani
  45. vallabhaa naayakasya - bEgaDa
  46. varadaraaja mupaasmahE - saaranga
  47. veeNaabhEri - aabhEri
  48. veera hanumatE - kaanaDaa
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