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Ranjani :


Ranjani is a Carnatic raga, which is also sometimes written as Ranjini. This raga is a janya of the 59th Melakarta raga Dharmavati.

It is an asymmetric pentatonic scale, which is pleasing and has been more popular in last 50 years. It figures in ragamalikasslokamsvrittams and light popular songs, as it is a pleasing scale

Structure and Lakshana

Descending scale has N3 in place of R2

This ragam is an asymmetric scale and is classified as an audava-audava ragam (five notes in the ascending and descending scale).

Ascending scale with C as Shadjam (tonic note)

  • arohana : S R2 G2 M2 D2 S
  • avarohana : S N3 D2 M2 G2 S

The notes in this scale are chathushruthi rishabham, sadharana gandharam, prati madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatam in arohana and additional kakli nishadham in avarohanam, in place of sadharna rishabham (see pictures). From Dharmavati scale (59th melakarta), the panchamam is removed in this scale and the rest are used in asymmetrical manner which gives the pleasing aspect to this ragam.

S R2 G2 S, S N3. D2. S - is a catch phrase that is unique to ragam Ranjani (where N3. and D2. denotes lower octave).

Popular compositions

  • Durmargachara in Rupakam composed by Thyagaraja
  • Ranjani Niranjani in Rupakam Adi by G.N.Balasubramaniam
  • Amboruha Padhame Ranjani Raga Varnam by G.N.Balasubramaniam
  • Neela Mayil Meedhu
  • Nenjiru varai Ninauvirukkum
  • Malarayan magizh Deviye by Neela Ramamurthi
  • Varamarulaga by Geetha Rajasekar
  • Kalaye Deva Devam by Swathi Thirunal
  • Bhooshanke Bhushan Sung by Udayalur Sri.Kalyanaraman Bhagavathar
  • Parama Pavana
  • Dakshinamurthe by Dayananda Saraswathi
  • Dattatherya by Ganapathi sachidanandaswami
  • Nenjini by N.S.Chidambaram
  • Sada Saranga by Yoga Narasimhar
  • Nenjamellam by Padma Veeraragahavan
  • Nirmala Namathai by N.S.Chidambaram
  • Vasana Miga by Thirupugazh
  • Kattiruvenu sung by Ranjani Gayathri
  • Paramacharyam

Tamil Movies song on this ragam :

  • Kadhal Deepamondru - Kalyanaraman - Illiyaraja

Ganesh-Kumaresh - ranjani BOMBAY HARI MAMA IN BANGLORE NAMASMARAN IN RAGAM RANJANI
About - ranjani Sri N R Prashanth - Vocal, Sri BV Ragavendra Rao - Violin,
Sri Tiruvarur Vaidyanathan - Mrdhangam,
Sri S. Karthik - Ghatam.
Un Pugazh Paada- Ranjani Ragam- Neduntheevu Ponn Suhir
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